Nida Bikmen, Denison University: White Americans' Smiles in Same-race and Interracial Interactions
Abstract: Do White Americans display more genuine (Duchenne) smiles or more deliberate (non-Duchenne) smiles during interracial interactions as opposed to same-race interactions? White undergraduates will be randomly assigned to interact with either same-race (White American) or different-race (African or Latina American) partners. Their smiles will be coded by investigators certified in Facial Action Coding System. It is predicted that Whites will display more non-Duchenne smiles in interracial versus same-race interactions in order to mask interracial anxiety.
Shai Davidai, The New School for Social Research: Perceptions of economic inequality and upward social mobility
Abstract: Recent research has shown that Americans systematically overestimate the degree of economic mobility in the United States. I propose to examine the relationship between perceptions of economic inequality and perceptions of upward mobility. Specifically, I will examine two opposing hypotheses: that people overestimate upward mobility as a defense mechanism against the threat of economic inequality (an inequality-mobility link), and that people overestimate mobility due to an underestimation of true levels of inequality (an equality-mobility link).
Lisa Hoplock, University of Manitoba: Improving Empathic Accuracy Through an In-Class Intervention Provided via Videoconferencing
Abstract: Empathic accuracy- the ability to accurately detect what someone is thinking or feeling- is an important skill, especially for nurses in providing client-centred care. We aim to test an adapted intervention delivered via teleconference that will help student nurses engage in empathic discussions with family caregivers. We predict that students’ empathic accuracy will be greater in the intervention condition compared to the control condition. Results will elucidate the feasibility of conducting the intervention via videoconferencing.
Simon Howard, Marquette University: The Message: Conscious Hip-Hop Lyrics Reduce Stereotype Threat for Black Americans
Abstract: The present study will be the first to investigate whether the detrimental effects of stereotype threat on Blacks’ academic performance can be mitigated through exposure to hip-hop lyrics that affirm Black identify. Black participants will be put in a situation that induces stereotype threat. Next, they will be exposed to different genres of music before taking a challenging test. It is hypothesized that conscious hip-hop will act as a buffer to stereotype threat for Blacks.
Bryan Koenig, Washington University in St. Louis: Moral punishment: How much is enough?
Abstract: People want wrongdoers to be punished, but how severe a punishment do they want—and why that amount? In the proposed research, a series of experiments compare people’s preferred punishment fines for a thief with that thief’s gain and his victim’s losses, all in US dollars. We will use these comparisons to evaluate among punishment calibration points predicted by traditional deterrence theory, traditional retribution theory (just deserts), welfare tradeoff theory, and fitness differential theory.
Ioana Latu, Queen's University Belfast, UK: Psychological well-being and coping with blatant homophobia in a sample of Romanian gay men
Abstract: Social biases are becoming more explicit, one example being a new wave of blatant homophobia in Romania, inspired by conservative political action. In the current study I plan to investigate how Romanian gay men cope with such increasingly explicit and aggressive homophobia, and how these coping responses predict their psychological well-being. I will investigate both explicit and implicit coping responses and predict that personality factors may also moderate the coping – well-being relationship.
Andrew Luttrell, College of Wooster: Using Moral Arguments to Persuade People With Moral Conviction: A Test of Matching Effects vs. Attitude Strength
Abstract: Moral beliefs and convictions play a critical role in the formation and change of people’s attitudes toward a variety of topics. Thus far, however, little research has tested the efficacy of morally framed persuasive appeals, and no research has considered how an audience’s initial moral conviction determines the efficacy of morally driven counter-attitudinal persuasive messages. Two studies are proposed to clarify this important gap and shed light on the role of morality in persuasion processes.
Angela Pirlott, Saint Xavier University: Perceived Threats to the Religious Ingroup Engage Moral Disgust toward, Aggression against, and Expulsion of LGB Individuals to Prevent Religious Ingroup Contamination
Abstract: Although large body of literature has forged the connection between religiosity and anti-LGB prejudices, the current work extends the previous literature by arguing that religion operates like an ingroup, and accordingly, perceived threats from LGB individuals to religious ingroup values, norms, and cohesion should predict moral disgust, attempts to prevent LGB individuals from spreading their norm-violating behavior, and expulsion from the group if the behavior fails to cease.